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Joshimath Crisis

Almost two week after cracks appeared in many roads and hundreds of houses of Joshimath, Uttarakhand, authorities declared it a landslide and subsidence-hit zone. Land subsidence According to the US-based National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), land subsidence is the sinking of the groundbecause of underground material movement. This phenomenon can happen over very large areas like whole states or provinces, or very small areas like the corner of house yard. Reasons- This phenomenon can happen for a host of reasons, ...
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National Geospatial Policy 2022

The National Geospatial Policy 2022 was notified by the Ministry of Science and Technology recently. The National Geospatial Policy, 2022 is a citizen-centric policythat seeks to strengthen the Geospatial sector to support national development, economic prosperity and a thriving information economy. The Policy builds on conducive environment created by the “Guidelines for acquiring & producing Geospatial Data and Geospatial Data Services including Maps” issued by Department of Science & Technology in 2021. While the Guidelines deregulated the Geospatial sector by liberalizing ...
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Kuki-Chin, the Christian community from Bangladesh’s Chittagong hill tracts, share close ethnic ties with people in Mizoram. The first tranche of around 300 refugees came in November 2022. The Mizoram government has approved setting up of temporary shelters and other amenities for the community, following an action by the Bangladesh Rapid Action Battalion against some insurgents belonging to the group. The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA) seeks to provide citizenship only to Hindu, Christian, Jain, Parsi, Sikh, and Buddhist immigrants ...
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Pradhan Mantri Schools For Rising India (PM-SHRI)

14,500 Schools spread across Indian states/UTs have applied with Ministry of Education for an upgrade under PM SHRI Scheme. PM-SHRI is a centrally sponsored scheme. It will provide high quality education is an equitable, inclusive and Joyful school environment. It will showcase all components of National Education Policy 2020 an act as exemplar schools and offer mentorship to other school in their vicinity. These Schools will be developed as green schools, incorporating environment friendly aspects like solar panels and LED lights, ...
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Cabinet committee on economic affairs has approved the investment for 382 MW Sunni dam hydro power project in Himachal Pradesh by Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited. Sunni dam hydro power project is a run of river type Scheme designed to harness hydropower potential of Satluj River. It is a part of Luhri Project, which is designed to comprise three hydro dams: Luhri Stage-I, Luhari Stage-II, Sunni Dam. It envisages construction of a high concrete Gravity dam across river Satluj and an ...
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The state government of Tamil Nadu has launched the Nilgiri Tahr project to conserve the state animal. The Nilgiri Tahr is an ungulate that is endemic to the southern portion of the Western and Eastern Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is mainly found the Nilgiri hills. The species has been listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species. Due to the numerous threats the ungulate faces, it is protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife ...
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UN Biodiversity Conference (COP 15)

The UN Biodiversity Conference (COP 15) has concluded in Montreal, Canada, promising to take urgent action to protect and restore the world’s biodiversity that inhabit this planet.   Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) CBD -The CBD that came into force in 1993, was an outcome of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, along with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). All the three agreements hold their separate COPs. Objectives of CBD Conservation of biological diversity ...
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Basic and Background The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty which seeks to reduce atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, with the aim of preventing dangerous anthropogenic interference with the earth’s climate system. The UNFCCC, signed in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development also known as the Earth Summit, the Rio Summit or the Rio Conference It is a framework which requires individual participating countries to commit to stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions. There are 197 parties to the convention, who meet annually in Conferences of ...
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India-China Tawang Crisis

Soldiers of the two sides (India and China) clashed in an area called Yangtse, in the upper reaches of Tawang sector in Arunachal Pradesh. Origin of the border dispute with China After the communists took power in China, they pulled the country out of all international agreements and the so-called “unequal treaties”. They demanded a re-negotiation of all its borders. The border between China and India has never been delimited. In 1960, China’s Premier Zhou Enlai and Prime Minister Jawaharlal ...
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मौलिक अधिकार

मूल रूप से, संविधान में सात मौलिक अधिकार थे, लेकिन संपत्ति के अधिकार (300A) को 44 CAA, 1978 के तहत कानूनी अधिकार बना दिया गया था। नतीजतन, वर्तमान में, संविधान में केवल छह मौलिक अधिकार हैं। अनुच्छेद 15, 16, 19, 29 और 30 में दिए गए कुछ मौलिक अधिकार भारत के नागरिकों के लिए उपलब्ध हैं और शेष अधिकार नागरिकों और विदेशियों को समान रूप से उपलब्ध हैं। भारत का संविधान छह मौलिक अधिकार प्रदान करता है: समता का अधिकार ...
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