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Interim Budget- 2024

INTERIM BUDGET- 2024-2025 Budget (Annual financial statement)- Statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for a specific financial year according to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution. Article 112 - The President shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India Interim budget– Short term financial statement that allows for the smooth functioning of the government until a new ...
IAS Coaching in Chandigarh

India- Saudi Arabia Relations

The relationship between New Delhi and Riyadh has been improving steadily. Saudi Arabia is a critical partner, and India is not wasting any opportunity to engage Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the country's de facto ruler, and next in line to be King. Prince Mohammed visited New Delhi over the weekend for the G20 Leaders’ Summit, where he, along with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Joe Biden, announced the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor, a massive infrastructure project that would connect India to Europe via ...
IAS Coaching in Chandigarh

Coral Reefs and Coral Bleaching

Coral reefs occupy less than 1 per cent of the ocean floor … … yet they are home to more than 25 per cent of marine life. Human activity and a warming planet are rapidly degrading these precious and fragile ecosystems. Coral Reefs: Coral reefs are diverse and intricate marine ecosystems formed by colonies of tiny living organisms called coral polyps. These polyps are related to sea anemones and jellyfish and are primarily found in warm, shallow waters in both ...
UPSC Coaching Institute Chandigarh

50 years of Project Tiger

Project Tiger is a conservation program launched in India in 1973 to save the endangered tiger. The project was initiated by the Government of India and is currently implemented by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). Project Tiger has been a major success, helping to increase the tiger population in India from 1,827 in 1972 to 3,167 in 2022. The project has also helped to protect tiger habitat and reduce poaching. The project is divided into 53 tiger reserves, which ...
HCS Coaching in Chandigarh

G20 Summit

The Group of Twenty (G20) is an intergovernmental forum comprising 19 countries - Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States and the European Union. The G20 members represent around 85% of the global GDP, over 75% of the global trade, and about two-thirds of the world population. The G20 was founded in 1999 after the Asian financial crisis as a forum for the ...


The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is has launched the Chandrayaan-3 on July 14, 2023. Chandrayaan-3 is India’s third lunar mission. It is a follow-on to the unsuccessful 2019 lunar mission - Chandrayaan-2. It will demonstrate India’s end-to-end capability in safe landing and roving on the lunar surface. Objective -The mission’s main objectives are: To demonstrate safe and soft landing on the lunar surface To demonstrate rover roving on the moon and To conduct in-situ (on-site) scientific experiments. It also aims to develop ...
IAS Coaching

UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2023: Solved Paper GS-01

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Sunday conducted the Civil Services Prelims exam 2023. The exam was conducted in two sessions — forenoon from 9:30 am to 11:30 am and afternoon from 2:30 pm to 4:30 pm. If we talk about difficulty level, Overall GS Paper 1 was difficult than last year’s paper. So we can expect this year’s cut off to go down a little. As published by UPSC, last year’s cut off was 88.22 for UR. This year ...

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