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INS Vikrant

Prime Minister commissioned India’s first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier INS Vikrant into the Indian Navy.

INS Vikrant / Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1 (IAC-1) is the first indigenously built aircraft carrier,constructed by Cochin Shipyard Ltd.

It uses a Short Take Off- Barrier-Assisted Recovery system (STOBAR) to launch and recover aircraft.

The aircraft carrier will be able to accommodate up to 30 fighters and helicopters, including Mig-29K fighters jets and Ka-31 helicopters.

INS Vikrant– The first indigenous aircraft carrier-Motto of the IAC is Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah. It is taken from Rigveda 1.8.3.

Aircraft Carriers

A vessel that acts as a seagoing airbase with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft is known as an aircraft carrier.

IAC-1 has a STOBAR (short take off but arrested recovery) system of aircraft launch and recovery on the flight deck.

    • STOBAR (“Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery”) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier, combining elements of “short take-off and vertical landing” (STOVL) with “catapult-assisted take-off but arrested recovery” (CATOBAR).
  • INS Vishal– proposed to be India’s 2nd indigenous aircraft carrier

Need for aircraft carriers

By its diplomatic and tactical power,its mobility, its autonomy and the variety of its means, the aircraft carrier is often the centerpiece of modern combat fleets.

One of its great advantages is that, by sailing in international waters, it does not interfere with any territorial sovereignty and thus obviates the need for overflight authorizations from third-party countries, reduces the times and transit distances of aircraft and therefore significantly increases the time of availability on the combat zone.

Maritime Capability Perspective Planof the Navy envisages a force level of three aircraft carriers, to ensure development of a capability to operate two Carrier Battle Groups (CBGs) at any given time.

The combat capability, reach and versatility of the aircraft carrier would add formidable capabilities in the defence of the country and help secure India’s interests in the maritime domain

Its induction will give a fillip to the sea control capabilities of the Navy in the Indian Ocean Region. ·

These measures would help enhance the Navy’s operational reach and prowess to protect India’s maritime interests.

There is an aggressive effort by China to gain a foothold in the Indian Ocean Region.

While the Indian Navy currently operates aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya and now INS Vikrant, it is keen to add a third one(INS Vishal) to its fleet in line with its prospective plan to simultaneously operate three carrier battle groups (CBG) so that two of them remain serviceable on either flank at any given time.

Aircraft Carriers of India

First Aircraft Carrier in India – INS Vikrant (1957)- Bought from the UK- decommissioned in 1997.

    • It served as the main blockade for the country against the Pakistan Naval Force in the Indo-Pak War of 1971.

INS Viraat–Bought from the UK- officially decommissioned in 2017. INS Viraat holds the Guinness World Record for being the longest serving warship of the world. Viraat played a major role in Operation Jupiter in 1989 during the Sri Lankan Peacekeeping operation. It also saw action during Op Parakram in 2001-2002, post the terrorist attack on Parliament.

INS Vikramaditya – bought from Russia. It operates on the STOBAR (Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) system of launch and recovery of the aircraft.

INS Vikrant– The first indigenous aircraft carrier– to be commissioned in 2022

INS Vishal– proposed to be India’s 2nd indigenous aircraft carrier


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