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Human Development Index 2021

Recently, the Human Development Index 2021 was released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

In 1990, Pakistani economist Mahbub -ul-Haq developed the Human Development Index (HDI).

The HDI released by the UNDP in its Human Development Report.

It measures average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development,

    • A long and healthy life,
    • Access to education and
    • A decent standard of living.

It is calculated using the following four indicators

    • Life expectancy at birth,
    • Mean years of schooling,
    • Expected years of schooling, and
    • Per capita Gross National Income.

Findings– Switzerland, Norway and Iceland topped the HDI 2021.

India ranked 132ndamong 191 countries and territories on the HDI 2021-2022. Last year, the country ranked 131.


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