Recently, the Human Development Index 2021 was released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
In 1990, Pakistani economist Mahbub -ul-Haq developed the Human Development Index (HDI).
The HDI released by the UNDP in its Human Development Report.
It measures average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development,
- A long and healthy life,
- Access to education and
- A decent standard of living.
It is calculated using the following four indicators
- Life expectancy at birth,
- Mean years of schooling,
- Expected years of schooling, and
- Per capita Gross National Income.
Findings– Switzerland, Norway and Iceland topped the HDI 2021.
India ranked 132ndamong 191 countries and territories on the HDI 2021-2022. Last year, the country ranked 131.