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Green Hydrogen

Indian Prime Minister recently announced the National Hydrogen Mission.

National Hydrogen Mission

  • Budget 2021 found mention of Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22 for generating Hydrogen from green power sources.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has drafted a National Hydrogen Energy Mission.
  • It aims to scale up Green Hydrogen production and utilization across multiple sectors.

 Green hydrogen

  • Green hydrogen is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyser powered by electricity from green energy sources such as wind and solar.
  • When burnt, it gives out water vapour, with no residue or climate-harming impact.
  • Green hydrogen is aided by:
  • Global energy transition toward renewables
  • Declining costs
  • Breakthroughs in technology – electrolyzer capacity projects
  • High carbon taxes

The cost of producing green hydrogen could drop below $2 per kg in 10 years, if accompanied by scale, both in production and consumption.

Possibly, 22% of the global energy need by 2050 could be hydrogen-based.


  • A lot of energy for the electrolysis of water is needed.
  • Unless this electricity is produced with a zero-carbon footprint, it defeats the key aspect of ‘green’ hydrogen.


  • Transform India from an energy-deficient to an energy-rich country.
  • Make India a net exporter of energy.
  • Play a key role in decarbonization efforts.
  • Significantly reduce import dependence– India spends $160 billion on imports of crude oil, liquified natural gas, coal and fertilizer.
  • Solar-to-hydrogen also solves an intermittence problem, as hydrogen substitutes the need for battery storage.


    • Transportation, including trucks, buses, cars and rail.
    • Feedstock for fertilizers, chemicals and refineries.
    • Decarbonizing buildings and decarbonizing high-heat industries such as steel-making.
    • Hydrogen fuel cells – A key complement to batteries.
    • Grid-scale storage solutions and feedstock for ammonia production(thus eliminating the need for natural gas).
  • Blending hydrogen with natural gas in city gas pipelines reduces the import of natural gas.

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