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Gender Gap in STEM

Women’s lack of access to technology and digital tools makes them less likely to be a part of the wider domains of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). What is STEM? The acronym was introduced in 2001 by scientific administrators at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). The NSF has predicted that 80% of the jobs created in the next decade will require some form of math and science skills. STEM is a curriculum based idea of educating students in 4 specific disciplines, ...
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Special Rupee Vostro Accounts

Recently, government officials informed that 20 Russian banks Rosbank, Tinkoff Bank, Centro Credit Bank and Credit Bank of Moscow have opened Special Rupee Vostro Accounts (SRVA) with partner banks in India. SRVA arrangement Vostro account- A Vostro account (Vostro means ‘yours’ in Latin) is an account that a domestic bank holds for a foreign bank in the domestic bank’s currency. In this case between India and Russia, Indian banks hold an account for Russian banks in rupee (INR). Special Vostro ...
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‘Millet International Initiative for Research and Awareness’-MIIRA

MIIRA will aim to connect millet research organisations across the world. It is in line with the UN declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets, the proposal for which was moved by India and supported by 72 countries. India has introduced a draft to launch a global initiative to encourage the consumption and production of millet. The draft of the proposed initiative — MIIRA — was placed during the first Agriculture Deputies Meeting under the Agriculture Working Group (AWG), ...
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Indo-Pacific Strategy of Canada

Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Joly met External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar for the India-Canada Strategic Dialogue in Delhi. Significance of the visit The two Ministers expressed interest in deepening collaboration across domains and look forward to the Early Progress Trade Agreement (EPTA). India welcomed Canada’s Indo-Pacific strategy, given the shared vision of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific. India’s growing strategic, economic, and demographic importance makes it a critical partner for Canada in the Indo-Pacific. In return, Canada can be a ...
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Draft Geo-heritage Sites and Geo-relics Bill

The Ministry of Mines has come up with the draft Geo-heritage Sites and Geo-relics (Preservation and Maintenance) Bill. Geo-heritage Sites and Geo-relics Coming under the Ministry of Mines, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) was established in 1851 to investigate and assess coal and other mineral resources of the country through regional-level exploration. Geo-relic- Any relic or material of a geological significance or interest like sediments, rocks, minerals, meteorite or fossils. Geoheritage sites- The draft bill defines Geoheritage sites as ...
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Emergency Powers under the IT Rules

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) directed YouTube and Twitter to take down links sharing the BBC documentary ‘India: The Modi Question’ under the emergency provisions of the IT Rules, 2021. What is the case about? BBC documentary case - A BBC documentary on the Gujarat riots of 2002 questions the actions taken by the then Gujarat government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The MIB directed YouTube and Twitter to take down links sharing the documentary under Rule 16(3) of the IT ...
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Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar

The Centre has announced the annual Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar 2023 for disaster management. The Centre instituted the annual award, Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar on the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The Puraskar recognises and honours the contribution and service rendered by individuals and organisations in India in the field of disaster management. The award is announced every year on 23rd January, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The award carries ...
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Phonons and Thermal Hall Effect

Scientists have observed the thermal Hall Effect in insulators, leading to an important open question in condensed-matter physics. Thermal Hall Effect in conductors In the presence of a magnetic field, electrons are deflected from their paths in a perpendicular direction. When a temperature gradient is applied in the conductor in one direction, another temperature gradient appears in a perpendicular direction in the presence of a magnetic field. The electrons in the material carry both electric charges and thermal energy, and ...
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Researchers at the University of California have proposed a method called ‘pantranscriptome’ for analysing RNA sequencing data. RNA mapping- The most commonly recognized function of RNA is to synthesize proteins via translation. Scientists discovered that the vast majority of RNA can play roles such as influencing cell structure or regulating gene The entire RNA landscape is known collectively as the transcriptome. Mapping of transcriptome by RNA sequencing allows to understand an individual’s gene expression. Mapping can be difficult because the RNA ...
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Ganga Vilas

The privately-operated luxurious three-deck cruise ship MV Ganga Vilas is the World’s longest river cruise. MV Ganga Vilas is the world’s longest river cruise from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh to Dibrugarh in Assam via Bangladesh. Ship- The MV Ganga Vilas vessel is 62 meters in length, 12 meters in width and comfortably sails with a draft of 1.4 meters. It has three decks, 18 suites on board with a capacity of 36 tourists, with all the amenities for the tourists ...
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