Issues in the Cairn Energy- GoI dispute

The Indian government is learnt to have decided to file an appeal against the arbitration award in the retrospective tax demand case involving Cairn Energy. Government sources indicated that the Centre will also consider contesting other suits filed by Cairn Energy at various international courts. “The government will file an appeal against Cairn arbitration award soon and will contest its sovereign rights to tax. It will also strongly contest other suits filed by Cairn Energy at various other international courts,” ...
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Amendments to the Juvenile Justice Act- 2015

What is the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act) 2015? The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act was introduced and passed in Parliament in 2015 to replace the Juvenile Delinquency Law and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act) 2000. One of the main provisions of the new Act was allowing the trial of juveniles in conflict with law in the age group of 16-18 years as adults, in cases where the crimes were ...
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National Hydrogen Mission: Hydrogen as an alternate clean fuel

Traditionally a slow mover in frontier electric vehicle (EV) technologies, India has made an uncharacteristically early entry in the race to tap the energy potential of the most abundant element in the universe, hydrogen. Less than four months after the United States Department of Energy announced an investment up to $100 million in hydrogen production and fuel cell technologies research and development, India has announced a National Hydrogen Mission. The proposal in the Budget will be followed up with a ...
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Missions to Mars: In search of life on the Red Planet

Going to Mars is non-trivial, since both planets revolve around the Sun and are hence in constant motion relative to each other. Earth and Mars are at their closest distance relative to each other every 26 months — and this is when Earthlings try to send missions to Mars. Every two years since the 1960s, different space agencies have sent missions to Mars. Between 1976 and 1992, many launch windows remained unutilised. On occasion, there have been multiple missions in ...
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National Infrastructure Pipeline 

To achieve the GDP of $5 trillion by 2024-25, India needs to spend about $1.4 trillion (Rs. 100 lakh crore) over these years on infrastructure. In the past decade (FY 2008-17), India invested about $1.1 trillion on infrastructure. The challenge is to step-up annual infrastructure investment so that lack of infrastructure does not become a binding constraint on the growth of the Indian economy. Prime Minister in his Independence Day-2019 speech highlighted that Rs.100 lakh crore would be invested on ...
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Rohini Commission Report: Sub- Categorisation of OBCs

What is sub-categorisation of OBCs? Sub-categorisation of the OBCs means creation of categories within OBCs for reservation. OBCs are granted 27% reservation in jobs and education under the central government. The Central List of OBCs consists of over 2,600 communities in it. The question of sub-categorisation arises out of the perception that only a few affluent communities among the listed ones have secured a major part of 27% reservation. The argument for sub-categorisation is that it would ensure equitable distribution ...
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100th year of Chauri Chaura — Understanding the incident and events that it lead to

Non-Cooperation Movement The Non-Cooperation Movement was launched in 1920 in response to two key events in 1919 — the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Under the Rowlatt Act, political cases could be tried without a jury and the suspect detained for an indefinite period of time. The Act had sparked widespread protests across the country and in April 1919, Gandhi had planned to visit Amritsar to join one such protest. However, he was stopped in Delhi and arrested on 10 ...
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Flash floods in the Himalayan Region: Causes, concerns and mitigation

Background: Recent flash flood incidents in Uttarakhand is another warning of the dangers that Himalayan states like Uttarakhand, Himachal and Jammu & Kashmir and Sikkim face from natural processes like landslides, snow avalanches cloudbursts or lake bursts. Increasing glacial lakes Glaciers are the largest source of freshwater outside of the Polar Regions. Glaciers and snow melt in the Himalayan ecosystem are the source of water for several rivers across the subcontinent, and are responsible for maintaining the perennial supply of ...
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New Education Policy-2020: Highlights

Ensuring Universal Access at All Levels of schooling from pre-primary school to Grade 12; Ensuring quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3-6 years; New Curricular and Pedagogical Structure (5+3+3+4); No hard separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams; Establishing National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy; Emphasis on promoting multilingualism and Indian languages; The medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and ...
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Military coup in Myanmar: concerns regarding India

Background: The Myanmar military seized power in a coup and declared a state of emergency in the country for a year. Civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi was detained along with other members of her National League for Democracy (NLD) party, as the military declared void their landslide victory at the polls. Myanmar as a nation till now: Myanmar in some ways, it is very much like Pakistan in terms of its political history since the Second World War. Like ...
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