Himachal Pradesh Administrative Service (HPAS) Exam 2020


Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission has released notification of Himachal Pradesh Administrative Combined competitive exam 2019 on 21 January 2019. The notification has issued vacancy for 26 posts including 11 for HPAS, 6 for Block development officer and remaining for tehsildar, Principal and District food supply officer. The vacancy is highest ever in years, and provide golden opportunity for aspirants to secure Govt job in high echelons of govt. Though the opportunity is big, but it also require systematic preparation to crack the exam as difficulty level of the exam has increased over the years, with enhanced syllabus and dynamic questions being asked in prelims and mains.

According to new pattern the aspirant has to go through prelims which consist of two papers viz- General studies and other Aptitude test. while later is qualifying nature in which aspirant need to score minimum of 33% marks, former is counted for merit. In General studies exam total 100 objective questions are asked with 20 questions focusing on Himachal specific issues and rest based on National and international issues and General knowledge. Those who clear through the prelims are subjected to mains examination consisting of 7 papers with 3 papers of general studies ,1 paper of essay ,2 paper of a single optional subject and remaining two of English and Hindi(optional).

In these only first 5 are used for calculation of merit while rest 2 language paper are of qualifying nature.

Those who clear mains are subjected to interview after which consolidated list of successful candidates is made based on score in mains and interview over the years HPPSC has evolved the prelims and mains examination with focusing on conceptual understanding of topics rather than mere factual knowledge also questions are being asked from current affairs from 2-3 years back.

This requires a comprehensive and systematic study plan and guidance to clear the exam.

We at civil service mentors provide the right guidance and resources to guide you at every step of the preparation.

We offer comprehensive course which cover all stages of examination viz prelims, mains and interview. our course is designed to enhance your learning and understanding with regular lectures and revision classes and study material. we have evolved Exam specific test series with regular class test during lectures and mock tests at the end to help the aspirants evaluate the performance.

Civil services exam is not a sprint that could be won in a day, rather it is a marathon that require constant and steady preparation with focus and guidance to sail through and get the coveted position in Govt services. We at civil Services mentors make that possible for you with our past success speaking for itself and you could be the next.

IAS 2020 Preparation Tips, Important Books and Exam Pattern

It is never awful to follow certain IAS Preparation Tips to get ready for IAS Examination. IAS Exam is directed in two progressive stages –  IAS Prelims which is Objective sort in nature and IAS Mains which is both abstract and target in nature.

IAS sets certain schedule of IAS Prelims. An applicant can plan appropriately by following IAS Preparation Tips identified with the IAS Exam.

An applicant can consider the significant themes referenced in the IAS Exam Syllabus and proceed with his/her planning toward the path.

There are two arrangements of paper in IAS Prelims for example Paper I and Paper II.  IAS Prelims is taken for the determination of contender for IAS Mains that includes composed test and Interview for the last choice of possibility for the different posts. ​Before perusing the IAS readiness tips, up-and-comers must investigate some prescribed books to get ready for IAS 2020 Exam.

Significant Books for IAS 2020 Exam

It is especially significant for a competitor who shows up for IAS 2020 to pick the privilege and helpful IAS Preparation books. It isn’t imperative to contemplate an enormous number of pointless books however to peruse a couple yet really valuable books that spread every one of the themes adequately of IAS Syllabus.

Given below is the list of some important IAS Preparation Books along with the names of their author or publication:

History Of Modern IndiaBipan Chandra
India’s Struggle For IndependenceBipan Chandra
India’s Ancient PastR.S. Sharma
History Of Medieval IndiaSatish Chandra
A New Look at Modern Indian HistoryBL Grover
The Wonder That Was IndiaA.L. Bhasham
Indian Art and CultureNitin Singhania
Our ParliamentSubash Kashyap
Geography of IndiaMajid Husain
Oxford School AtlasOxford
Science and TechnologyTMH
CSAT Book Cracking the CSAT Paper-2Arihant
Certificate Physical and Human GeographyGoh Cheng Leong
Indian Polity for Civil Services ExaminationsM. Laxmikanth
Indian EconomyRamesh Singh
Environmental Studies: From Crisis to CureRajagopalan
A History of Modern WorldRanjan Chakravarti
Environment for Civil Services Prelims and MainsKhuller
Facets of Indian CultureSpectrum
Indian ConstitutionPM Bakshi
Verbal & Non-Verbal ReasoningR. S. Aggarwal

IAS 2020 Examination Pattern for UPSC Prelims


• In UPSC Prelims examination there area unit a pair of required papers particularly the General Ability Test (GAT) and therefore the Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) to check the analytical skills of the candidates.
• Each paper is of two hundred marks and carries a complete of four hundred marks.
• The papers are set objective and multiple selection.
• One-third of the marks is subtracted for each wrong answer.
• Duration of every paper is a pair of hours.
• Blind candidates are allowed twenty minutes extra for every paper.
• The IAS Question Papers are set in each Hindi and English.

IAS 2019 examination Pattern for UPSC Mains

• There area unit total seven papers within the IAS Mains examination as per the IAS examination Pattern.
• Each of the seven papers is of 250 marks.
• There area unit 2 nonmandatory papers that the candidates would have to be compelled to choose.
• Paper A relies on essay writing and Paper B includes numerous topics divided into seven subjects.
• For paper A, candidate must select one in every of the Indian Language that’s enclosed within the eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
• While Paper B is of English. Papers A and B of the Indian Language and English, severally, area unit of admission or equivalent common place.

Both the papers area unit of qualifying nature. The marks obtained within the qualifying papers don’t seem to be counted within the formation of IAS benefit List. The queries in UPSC Mains examination area unit set to check a candidate’s general awareness of a spread of subjects, that have connexion for a career in Civil Services. The scope of the IAS curriculum for non-mandatory subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broad of the honors degree level. within the case of Engineering, life science and law, the extent corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.

IAS 2020 Exam Preparation Tips

IAS Exam is believed to be a very tough government examination in India. Around 97% of all out applicants showing up for IAS Exam fail to qualify IAS Prelims Exam which is the first stage of IAS Selection Process

Reasons being a couple of opening are there and another primary explanation behind such poor outcome is that understudy comes up short on the correct methodology while getting ready for the IAS test. In any case, if a competitor is not kidding enough, grasps the correct procedures, direction and concentrate material at that point even self-study is sufficient to get through IES Prelims. Given underneath are some major IAS Preparation Tips which a competitor can pursue to score high in IAS Exam:

1.      Mock Test Papers or IAS Question Papers

Mock Papers are a fundamental part of customary arrangements of effective up-and-comers. This is one territory which distinguishes effective up-and-comers from the individuals who neglect to crack UPSC Prelims. By updating the endeavored tests you get an opportunity to recognize your missteps. Composing false tests not just encourages you to modify your IAS Syllabus yet in addition builds your speed to illuminate the test in time. There is constantly a smash of time in IAS Exam, one must be quick in illuminating inquiries. False test papers help in expanding the speed of psyche to make estimations.

2.      Right Choice of IAS Books

It is of most extreme significance to get just suggested books and right examination material for IAS Preparation. NCERT books are in every case exceptionally proposed and are considered as an absolute necessity read by specialists just as fruitful applicants, as they clear up questions at a key level and help up-and-comers in scoring higher scores at the two phases for example IAS Prelims and IAS Mains.

In spite of the fact that there are the quantity of books accessible for IAS in the market however one needs to choose simply the best out of them and ought to plan for just a couple of best ones.

3.      GS Paper 1 is the key: Deep investigation of each subject

Till 2014, scoring high in GS Paper 2 was the least demanding approach to clear UPSC Prelims. Putting less exertion when contrasted with GS Paper I, wannabes used to score high and clear prelims. In any case, with changes in the IAS Exam Pattern in 2016 this procedure don’t work any longer. On the fundamental level, covering each subject of IAS Prelims Exam is the best way to deal with clear Prelims test. It’s not prescribed to offer need to a specific book or region believing that addresses will originate from that source. Moreover, one must not miss the simple inquiries from customary subjects like Polity, History, Geography, History and Economics. Current issues are additionally critical to plan as they are unquestionably asked, other than that most recent plans and bills propelled by the administration are likewise important.

4.      IAS Prelims cum IAS Mains Approach

Despite the fact that the sort of inquiries posed in UPSC Prelims and Mains are unique, yet there are likewise numerous territories where one can locate some sort of likeness in the inquiries. For GS Paper I, a perfect methodology proposes covering GS Mains and Prelims schedule in detail first that gives the idea clearness pretty much all significant subjects. Great learning of covering and non-covering territories in the IAS Syllabus of General Studies for Prelims and Mains unquestionably brings you more score than others.

5.      Mental Peace is the key

Every one of your endeavors and diligent work go futile on the off chance that you lose your cool on the fate day. It’s especially essential to peruse IAS questions cautiously and ensure that you don’t commit senseless errors. Also, that can possibly occur in the event that you are in a casual perspective, else, you gets befuddled and chooses an inappropriate answer and even takes additional time in fathoming an inquiry then what is really required. Along these lines, all you need is to keep your quiet and remain sure.

6.      Time Management

You should simply to deal with your time such that you can without much of a stretch spread your chose prospectus and gets legitimate rest and rest simultaneously. Circulate accessible time as indicated by the areas you need to cover. One must take note of that you needn’t bother with books or notes on mass to totally experience however just a restricted no. of good books and a profound investigation of that review material. It is must significant for an understudy to get legitimate rest and rest. Your mind needs break and lay to chip away at full power once more.

IAS Marking Scheme for Mains


PaperTitle of the PaperMarks Allotted 
Paper 1Essay writing250 Marks
Paper 2General Studies–I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)250 Marks
Paper 3General Studies –II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)250 Marks
Paper 4General Studies –III  (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)250 Marks
Paper 5General Studies –IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)250 Marks
Paper 6Optional Subject – Paper 1250 Marks
Paper 7Optional Subject – Paper 2250 Marks
Sub Total in the written Test1750 Marks
Personal Interview275 Marks
Grand Total ( for merit calculation)2025 Marks
  • The total marks of the Mains Examination are 1750 marks.
  • Each question will carry 5 marks.
  • Candidates will be graded on basics of opinion, Content flow, understanding the problems/ situation, offering feasible solutions/strategies, presentation, and language
  • Candidates can choose two optional papers on which they will be questioned.

List of Optional Subjects

List of Optional Subjects in IAS Mains
GeographyHistoryPolitical Science & International Relations
Commerce & AccountancyEconomicsManagement
MathematicsMechanical EngineeringPsychology
Public AdministrationSociologyElectrical Engineering
PhysicsZoologyMedical Science
Animal Husbandry& Veterinary ScienceBotanyCivil Engineering

IAS Exam Pattern for Personality Test

  • All candidates qualifying the Mains examination will proceed towards the Personality Test.
  • This would include the Psychometric Test, Assessment Test as well as the Personal Interview.
  • The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
  • The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate.
  • In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs.
  • Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.
  • This test will be conducted in the language of choice.
  • The interview will be graded for 275 marks. The total marks of IAS is 2025 marks
  • Candidates will be ranked on basis of the grand total and called for the final interview.

HAS Mains Examination 2018 time table

Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission has declared the result of the Himachal Pradesh Administrative Services Combined Competitive (Preliminary) Examination, 2018 for filling up 27 vacancies .

All the 527 qualified candidates are advised to download the application format for HPAS (Main) Examination, 2018 from the Commission’s website and the same be sent to Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission duly filled in alongwith online application form filled for the preliminary examination, requisite fee and required documents so as to reach the same in the office of the Commission upto 09th August, 2019 failing which their candidature is liable to be cancelled.
For more information candidates may contact the Commission’s office during
the working hours from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. on telephone number 0177-2624313

For further information, Candidates can also contact us on call or whatsapp: 8822299444


IAS Pre 2019, Analysis & Expected Cutoff Marks

ias prelims

Dear all,
This year Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducted IAS Prelims Exam on 2nd June 2019. The Civil Services exam is one of the most prestigious exams of India. In this post we will discuss Prelims Exam pattern, analysis of the paper, difficulty level and other aspects.

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam Pattern

Name of the PaperTotal QuestionsTotal MarksDuration
Paper-I: General Studies1002002 Hours
Paper-II: General Studies (CSAT)802002 Hours

ias prelims

The exam was held in two sessions. (Morning and evening) There was 1/3rd Negative Marking in the exam. Only paper -01 (General Studies) is considered for recommendation for the mains. In paper –II (CSAT), Candidates will have to score a minimum qualifying mark of 33% (i.e 66 out of 200). The marks scored in the Prelims exam will not be added to the total score for final merit.
In this post, we are providing the complete exam analysis of UPSC Civil Services exam that will give you a brief idea of the questions asked in the exam.

Subject/topicsNo. of Questions
Art & Culture4
Ancient History2
Medieval History3
Modern History9
Science & Technology7
Current Affairs + Static37

Expected Cut-Off for UPSC IAS Prelims 2019 Exam
The questions asked in the prelims Exam held on 2nd june 2019 were of Moderate to Difficult Level. There is negative marking of 1/3rd marks for wrong answers. Let’s discuss Expected Cut-Off for IAS Prelims 2019 Exam: (only general studies paper-01)

CategoryExpected cutoff Out of 200

* Minimum Qualifying Marks for IAS Prelims GS Paper –II (CSAT) is 33% (Out of 200 Marks)

IAS Preparation Books

Here are some of the most recommended books for IAS Preparation. We suggest you make vital use of your time and go through these books.

SubjectBook NameAuthor/ Publisher
HistoryAncient IndiaRS Sharma
HistoryModern IndiaSatish Chandra Mittal
HistoryHistory Of Modern IndiaRajiv Aahir
PolityThe Constitution of IndiaLuxmi Kant
EconomyIndian EconomyMishra and Puri
GeographyIndian GeographyGoh Cheng Leong
EnvironmentEnvironmental Studies: From Crisis to CureRajagopalan
EnvironmentEnvironment for Civil Services Prelims and MainsKhullar
Science and TechnologyScience and Technology in IndiaTMH
EnglishHigh School English Grammar and CompositionWren and Martin
General StudiesIAS Mains Exam General Studies (IAS Mains Exam General Studies)Ashish Bharti (IPS)

Candidates are advised to plan their studies well In advance. Keep a track of the current events and happening. Candidates are asked to carry an additional set of all necessary stationery for safety purposes. The IAS Admit Card is mandatory and candidates are asked to carry it with them till the final selection. Time management is key, so plan your time accordingly. All the very best!!

IAS Syllabus 2019

Preliminary Round

Paper 1 – General Awareness
This paper will test candidates’ knowledge and passion towards the country. The questions will be from various aspects like history, geography, economy, etc pertaining to the country. Some of the important topics include:
• Events and Happening of National Importance
• Impact of Geography in the country
• Governance and Constitutional Structure
• Current Issues faced by the country
• Economic and Social Development
• Research and Development
• Scientific Developments

Paper 2 – English & General Aptitude
The command of English is mandatory in the field of Public Service and candidates have to score a minimum of 33 % to qualify the exam. The aptitude of a person determines his ability to solve complex problems, time management and agility. The important areas to practice for IAS Exam includes
• Logical Reasoning
• Problem Solving Capacity
• Interpersonal Skills
• Numerical Ability
• Analytical Skills
• Comprehension
• Antonyms / Synonyms

Mains Round

Paper 3 – Essay Writing
Candidates can write the essay on the topic of their choice
Paper 4 – General Studies I
This paper will contain questions relating to ancient India pertaining to History, Geography, Heritage, Culture etc. Some of the topics include
• History of India – Ancient and Modern
• Significant changes in Architecture, Literature, etc.
• Geographical Significance
• Notable events in World History
• Diversity
• Globalization

Paper 5 – General Studies II
This paper will contain questions about the reforms in Indian Governance post-Independence. The topics include
• Constitution of India
• Constitutional Analysis of the world
• Parliament and Legislatures
• Key issues faced by the nation and solutions
• Welfare Schemes by the Government
• Department and Structures in Government

Paper 6 – General Studies III
This paper will contain questions about Modern India and recent Key developments. The topics include
• Indian Economy
• Farming
• Science
• Research and Development
• Information Technology
• Environmental Studies
• Achievements in various fields
• Security Challenges
• Industrial Growth
• Infrastructural developments

Paper 7 – General Studies IV
This paper will contain questions about Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. The topics include
• Ethics in Public Administration
• Emotional Intelligence
• Behavioral Analysis
• Functional Values

Paper 8 & 9 – Candidates can select their desired subject from the list of subjects given below
• Agriculture
• Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
• Anthropology
• Botany
• Chemistry
• Civil Engineering
• Commerce and Accountancy
• Economics
• Electrical Engineering
• Geography
• Geology
• Indian History
• Law
• Management
• Mathematics
• Mechanical Engineering
• Medical Science
• Philosophy
• Physics
• Political Science and International Relations
• Psychology
• Public Administration
• Sociology
• Statistics
• Zoology
Note: Candidate can also select one of the regional languages as an optional subject.

Civil Service Examination

The pattern of Civil services examination has been designed to test the academic expertise of a candidate and that candidate’s ability to present himself/herself in a systematic and coherent manner. The examination pattern intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding level of the candidates.

The UPSC Civil Services Exam 2019 is directed in two phases in particular, Prelims and Mains, which are then trailed by an interview.

Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations 2019 are as follows:

1. Preliminary Examination – (400 Marks)
(This is also called Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) and is a common test for all applicants)

a. The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each
b. Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each
c. The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in 4. 4. 4. English. Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper

2. Main Examination – (2025 Marks)
a. Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for the Main exam and on the basis of marks secured in the Main exam, they will be called for Interview
b. The total marks of the Main exam and Interview sum up to produce the final result

The written examination consists of the following papers:

PaperSubjectTotal Marks
Paper AOne of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the
Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
300 Marks
Paper BEnglish300 Marks
Papers to be counted for Merit (Ranking)
Paper-IEssay250 Marks
Paper-IIGeneral Studies-I
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
250 Marks
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies-II
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)
250 Marks
Paper-IVGeneral Studies-III
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
250 Marks
Paper-VGeneral Studies-IV
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
250 Marks
Paper-VIOptional Subject-Paper 1250 Marks
Paper-VIIOptional Subject-Paper 2250 Marks
Sub Total (Written Test)1750 Marks
Personality Test275 Marks
Grand Total2025 Marks