TRIBESINDIA.com

  • E-Commerce Website launched by Tribal Cooperative Marketing development Federation of India u/d Ministry of Tribal Affairs
  • Objective :
    • To provide expansion to Tribal commercial activities and increasing the availability of tribal products benefiting the tribal artisans.
  • TRIFED went into agreement with Amazon and Snapdeal to facilitate its tribal products online
  • Government also allowed the sale of TRIFED products on  government e Marketplace GeM.
  • Will create Self-employment & increased standard of living for the Tribal community.
  • Will also lead to the promotion of the Tribal Culture.
  • A substantial list of Scheduled Tribes in India are recognised as tribal under the Constitution of India. One concentration lives in a belt along the Himalayas stretching through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand in the west, to Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland in the northeast. In the northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland, more than 90% of the population is tribal.
  • northeast states of Assam, Manipur, Sikkim, and Tripura, tribal peoples form between 20 and 30% of the population. Other tribal peoples, including the Santals, live in Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • Central Indian states have the country’s largest tribes population-wise.
  • Smaller numbers of tribal people are found in Odisha in eastern India; Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala in south.In western India in Gujaratand Rajasthan, and in the union territories of Lakshadweepand the Andaman Islands and Nicobar
  • The  term ‘Scheduled Tribes'(ST’s) first appeared in the Constitution of India. Article 366 (25) defined scheduled tribes as “such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this constitution”

 

  • Constitutional Safeguards for STs
    • 15(4) – Special provisions for advancement of other backward classes (which includes STs);
    • 29 – Protection of Interests of Minorities (which includes STs);
    • 46 – The State shall promote, with special care, the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes, and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation,
    • 350 – Right to conserve distinct Language, Script or Culture;
    • 350 – Instruction in Mother Tongue
  • Social Safeguard
    • 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar form of forced labour
    • 24 – Forbidding Child Labour
  • Economic Safeguards
    • 244 – Clause(1) Provisions of Fifth Schedule shall apply to the administration & control of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in any State other than the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura which are covered under Sixth Schedule, under Clause (2) of this Article.
    • 275 – Grants in-Aid to specified States (STs &SAs) covered under Fifth and Sixth Schedules of the Constitution.
  • Political Safeguards
    • 164 (1) – Provides for Tribal Affairs Ministers in Bihar, MP and Orissa
    • 330 – Reservation of seats for STs in Lok Sabha
    • 337 – Reservation of seats for STs in State Legislatures
    • 334 – 10 years period for reservation (Amended several times to extend the period
    • 243 – Reservation of seats in Panchayats
    • 371 – Special provisions in respect of NE States and Sikkim

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